KAUSWAGAN, LANAO DEL NORTE, PHILIPPINES
HISTORY AND PROFILE
1.0 HISTORY OF THE MUNICIPALITY
In the years prior to 1521, the native Muslims occupied the coastal plains of the Province, now known as Lanao del Norte. Datu Elme M. Mohammad, a datu and prosperous fisherman by occupation believed to have come from Cabingan, Sulu who occupied more than half off these coastal plains. When the Spanish colonizers failed to conquer the whole southern part of the Philippines, the Americans proved otherwise by effectively gaining the support and confidence of the Moslems. Through negotiations with the local Moslem leaders, people particularly from Cebu and Bohol were encouraged to settle in the parts of Mindanao, presently known as Kauswagan. The influx of migrants particularly from the Visayas who intermingled with a small group of native Moslems without accompanying Moslems for it was only natural that the growing social milieu and diverse cultural heritage, customs, traditions and idiosyncrasies developed some tensions. But, as a whole, it has opened up previously uninhabited and richly endowed lands, thereby sowing the initial seed for development. The place settled-in by most of the settlers was known to be ‘KIADALICANAN”, but was later shortened to “ DALICANAN “ which literally means “ BEND “ . The settlers in this part were notably known to have come from Tudela, Misamis Occidental and said to have been led by the family of Restituto Cagas.
In July 1917, Dalicanan became the center of commerce and trade and was the most developed area. The Christian settlers renamed DALICANAN into KAUSWAGAN meaning “ Progress “ or “ Improvement “. Kauswagan later on became the set of Local Government and Dalicanan just mere a sitio. Kauswagan during this period was a barrio under the municipality of Iligan its mother town, 21 kilometers away to the North East Coast.
August 21, marked the first wave of settlers from Tabuelan , Cebu. Due to the increasing need of the growing population for education, the municipality was able to put up a complete primary school with seven (7) grades in June of 1939 known as KauswaganPrimary School.
In 1947, Pedro Pernia,Sr., Ricardo Capa, Ancleto Conde and Rustico Pañares drafted the papers and complied the legal requirements for town’s separation from Iligan, as its mother municipality.
Then on April 25,1948, by virtue of Executive Order No. 126 duly signed by President Manuel A. Roxas, it was created into a regular municipality. However, there was no existing government building to house the municipal hall at that time, so a residential building owned by Eugenio Sombilon was utilized instead. Then Councilor Jose Q. Balazo became the first appointed Municipal Mayor, while Mr. Santiago Ramirez as the first appointed Vice Mayor and the first set of appointed councilors were: Captain Joseph T. Sanguila, Sr., Mr. Vicrtoriano Rafols., Mr. Demetrio Balbez, Mr. Tanguraz Caorong, Atty. Francisco Tamargo and Hilarion Noro.
After a few years, the Mohammad family donated a one hectare site for the construction of the municipal building. It was during the incumbency of Mayor Joseph Sanguila, Sr., that a Masbate type building was constructed. But it was only during the incumbency of Mayor Valentine E. Tarroza,Sr., in 1975 that a two (2) storey municipal building worth Two Hundred Thousand ( P 200,000.00 ) Pesos was put up.
Those who served as Municipal Mayors of Kauswagan from the time it was created up to present were the following :
- Jose Q. Balazo -April 25,1948 to March 1950 -Appointed
- Santiago Ramirez – March 1950 to April 20,1950 – do-
- Joseph T. Sanguila,Sr.- May 1950 to August 1951 – do-
- Vicctoriano Rafols – Sept. 1951 to Dec. 31,1951 – do-
- Joseph T. Sanguila,Sr.-Jan. 1952 to 1955 – Elected
- Teodulfo D. Maslog,Sr. -Jan. 1956-1959 – Elected
- Joseph T. Sanguila, Sr.-Jan. 1960 to 1963 -Elected
- Maximo P. Arnado, Sr. -Feb. 15,11979 to Apr.15,1986 -Elected
- Valentine E. Tarroza, Sr.-May 1974 to Feb. 12, 1979-Appointed
- maximo P. Arnado Sr. -Feb.15,1979 to Apr. 115,1986 -Elected
- Myron B. Rico -April 15,1986 to Dec. 1, 1987 -Des. OIC
- Joseph M. Sanguila,Jr.-Dec. 2, 1987 to Jan. 3,1988 -Designate
- Pantaleon T. Hontiveros,Sr.-Jan. 4, 1988 to Feb. 10, 1988 -do
- Myron B. Rico – Feb. 11,1988 to June 1998 – Elected as duly elected on Jan. 25,1988 – Local Elections, re-elected May 1,1992 and May 9, 1995
- Moh. Moamar Jack S. Maruhom – July 1, 1998 – May 11, 2007 -Elected
- Yasser Hadji Hasan Samporna – June 30, 2007- June 30, 2010 – Elected
- Mastura I. Mananggolo – December 24, 2008 – Des. OIC
- Rommel C. Arnado – As duly elected May 2010- May 2013, May 2016 to Present -Elected
2.0 PHYSICAL FEATURES
2.1 Geographic Location
Kauswagan is the second coastal municipality of the Province of Lanao del Norte located near the Southern boundary. It lies on the mid-central portion of the Northwestern Mindanao coastline with a nautical grid coordinate off 8*deg 12” longitude and 124 deg. 5”east latitude. It is located twenty (20km) kilometers away from Iligan City; bounded on the North by Iligan Bay; on the East by Larapan River, which is the common boundary with the Municipality of Linamon; on the south by the Municipality of Poona Piagapo and on the West by the Municipality of Bacolod with Rupagan River as the common boundary.
Land Area and Political Subdivision
Kauswagan’s total land area is 8,114.7462 hectares representing 2.0 % of the province’s total land area. It covers thirteen (13) barangays namely; Poblacion, Bagumbayan, Baraason, Cayontor, Delabayan, Inudaran, Kawit Occidental, Kawit Oriental, Libertad, Paiton, Tacub, Tingintingin, and Tugar. Of all these barangays, Baraason,Paiton,Tacub, and Delabayan, recorded with the largest land areas corresponding to 1,999.0198, 930.7431, 916.3676 and 695.2996 hectares respectively. All these three (4) barangays represented a combined 55.97% of the municipality’s total land area(refer to Table 1).
Table 1: Land Area by Barangay and Percentage to Total
|Barangay||Land Area (has.)
Source : DENR, Regional Office
2.3 Soil Type
Basically, there are four (4) types of soils in the municipality, i.e. Hydrosol, Boac Clay Loam, Adtuyon Clay Loam with stony phase and Adtuyom Clay Loam.
The Hydrosol type is an underwater surface covering an area of about 43.8196 hectares representing only 0.54% of the municipality’s total land area. This type of soil is suitable for salt- water fish culture. The second type, Boac Clay Loam is suited for raising agricultural crops like coconut, abaca, banana and fruit productions, and constitutes 30.32% or 2,460.3911 hectares. The third type, Adtuyon Clay Loam (stony phase) is found in about 3,129.0461 hectares or 38.56 %. This soil is highly suitable for raising crops like coconut, corn, rootcrops, legumes, vegetables, peanuts & fruits. The fourth type, Adtuyon Clay Loam covers an area of approximately 2,481.4894 hectares of 30.58 % and is suitable for raising diversified crops like the aforementioned ones (refer to Table No. 2).
Table 2: Soil Types and Area Coverage
|Soil Type||Area Coverage (ha.)||Share to Total (%)|
|Boac Clay Loam||2,460.3911||30.32|
|Adtuyon Clay Loam with stony phase||3,129.0461||38.56|
|Adtuyon Clay Loam||2,481.4894||30.58|
Source : Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2000 – 2010, Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte
2.4 Slope and Elevation
Located along the coastline of Iligan Bay with slopes of 0-8 % which are classified from level to very gently sloping, are the Poblacion and the barangays of Kawit Occidental, Kawit Oriental, Bagumbayan, Tacub and Libertad. These areas are utilized for urban development and agricultural production. In the Poblacion, infrastructure and facilities are heavily concentrated. Land covered by this slope is approximately 3,619.1768 hectares or 44.60 % of Kauswagan’s land area (see Table 3).
Table 3: Land Area by Elevation Ranges
|Elevation Range (m.)||Area Coverage (ha.)||Share to total|
Source : MPDO Data Bank
Slopes ranging from 8.1 to 15% aggregate to about 410.5563 hectares or 6.80% of total land area. These are also utilized for agricultural production. Areas with steeper slopes of 15.1 and above cover 1,203.896 hectares. These are found in portions of Barangays Tingitingin, Baraason, Cayontor, Paiton and Delabayan. These barangays are characterized by sloping to strongly rolling to hilly slopes and are best for forest use and pasture.
Its elevations ranges roughly to Below and above 50.00 meters high ( See Tables 4a and 4b for details ).
Table 4: Slope and Area Coverages
|Slope Ranges (%)||Brief Description||Area Coverage (has.)||Share to total (%)|
|0.0-8.0 %||Best for high-density urban development and intensive agriculture.||5,944.8631||73.26|
|8.1 – 15.0 %||Also for limited urban development; limited arability for agricultural production.||551.8027||6.80|
|15.1 – 25.0 %||Very limited arability||228.0243||2.81|
|25.1 – 50 %||Suited for forest, pasture or grazing uses.||770.0894||9.49|
|Above 50 %||Best suited for forest, pasture or grazing uses.||619.9667||7.64|
Source : MPDO Data Bank
Generally, the geological pattern of the strata of land found in the area is not well defined. Up to the present, there has been no survey to determine the presence of minerals in the area. However, as reflected in the Geologic Map of Mindanao, Kauswagan falls under “QUP” classification of igneous rock formation (Refer to Table5).
Table 5: Main Landforms and Area Coverage
|Area Coverage (has.)||Share to Total (%)|
|Tidal flat, fishpond, fluvio-marine, level to nearly level||984.3187||12.13|
|Tidal flat, mangrove and nipa, fluvio-marine level||1,687.0557||20.79|
|Beach ridges and swales, fluvio-marine level||24.3442||0.30|
|Broad Alluvial Plains||River terrace, alluvium .02% slope||1,896.4162||23.37|
|Andesitic hills, low relief 18% – 30% slope||1,625.3837||20.03|
|Andesitic hills, high relief 30% – 50% slope||1,354.3511||16.69|
|Volcanic Mountains||Volcanic rocks, basalt, andesite, tuff 50% and above slope||542.8765||6.69|
Source : Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2000 – 2010
- COASTAL RESOURCES
The town’s rich marine resources offer a favorable environment. Because of its strategic location along the IliganBay, Kauswagan is one of the fish and other aqua-marine products suppliers of the Province of Lanao del Norte and IliganCity. The coastal area of the municipality maintains a brackish water environment and the existence of of 6.0 hectares of Municipal Fish Sanctuary strategically located beside the Municipal Wharf covering the portions of the land area of Barangays Poblacion and Tugar that is favorable to breeding and growth of many pelagic and dimer Sal species. Recently, another two (2) hectares of newly established Marine Fish Sanctuary at Barangays Libertad and Bagumbayan. Its water is very rich in nutrient and its primary productivity is definitely sufficient to support high fishery production.
Seashells and corals are found abundantly along the area. These could be the potential raw materials for shell craft industry. Other living components found in the area are Crustaceans (shrimps, crabs, etc.); mollusks (mussels, oysters, etc.); and other marine invertibrates like starfishes, sea cucumbers, jellyfishes, worms, etc.; marine plants like mangrove trees, seagrasses and seaweeds. Based on the assessment of Kauswagan’s Coastal Environment conducted by DENR-ERDS Divers in 1995, the following existing resources were being indicated and recorded, to wit :
- Coral Reef
A total of nineteen (19) genera of hard and soft corals were identified in coral reefs of Kauswagan. The assessment recorded an average live coral cover of only 24.68% (poor), 25% of which were fair on the reef slopes at depth of 30 feet. While at a shallower portion of the reef, it showed an average live coral cover of only 13.86% (poor). Most of the sampled stations recorded a high percentage of dead coral cover. This manifest the effects of both natural and man-made induced stress, such as destruction caused by Acanthaster Planci (crown of thorns starfish), blast fishing and other destructive fishing methods. Generally, the conditionof the reefs in the municipality of Kauswagan showed to be in poor condition except Barangay Kawit which showed a fair condition on the 15 feet line. On the 30 feet transect line level, reefs in the municipality showed also poor to fair condition except for Barangay Tugar which showed good live coral cover. Approximately, there is about 8.33% of the area sampled having a good cover, 50% fair and another 41.67% poor coral cover on the reef slope (30 feet) while 33.33% having fair cover and 66.67% poor coral cover along the whole stretch of the municipality. The great destruction of coral reef in Barangay Libertad could be attributed to destructive effect of siltation coming from the river bank. The rest of the reef showed the effect of dynamite fishing, cyanide fishing and the tremendous effect of the crown-of-thorns over population on the coral reef.
- Sea Grass Communities
There are seven (7) species of Seagrasses identified in the coastal waters of Kauswagan, namely : Cymodocea Serrulata, Cymodocea Rotunda, Enhalus Acroides, Halophila Minor, Halophila Ovalis, Halodule Pinifolia and Thalasia Hem Prochi. Among the seven species, the most ecologically dominant was Cymodocea Serrulata with an ED value of 0.169825 followed by Cymodocea Rotunda with an ED value of 0.041173.
- Mangrove Forest
There are about twenty one (21) hectares of mangrove present along the coastal beaches and waters of Kauswagan. Of the 21 hectares, 50% had been destroyed due to illegal cutting and the development of fishponds. With the depletion of mangroves because of some industrial and domestic activities, The Local Government Unit of Kauswagan with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR-10) through its Coastal Environment Protection Program (CEPP) initiated the rehabilitation and development of some destructed mangrove areas for mangrove culture. In so doing, the production of such species grown into a tremendous volume hence through rehabilitation and development of mangrove resources, fishes of different varieties could take shade and propagate under the marine sanctuary of magroves where Zooplanktons are present and needed for fry survival of different varieties. Four (4) species of Mangrove are found in the area namely: Sonneratia Alba (PAGATPAT), Rhizopora Apiculata (BAKAUAN LALAKI), Avecenia Alba (PIAPI) and Avecenia Officinales (API-API). The assessment indicates the dominant of PAGATPAT (Sonneratia Alba) in Kauswagan. However, its projected regeneration per hectare is very low. In the year 2007 – 2009 the Municipal Agriculture Office in the leadership of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources ( DENR – 10) sustainably conducted a massive Mangrove Reforestation along the Coastal Barangays with the active participation of the concerned Barangay Officials and Fisherfolks Organizations and successfully replanted about more or less six (6) hectares of the deforested areas
- Coral Life Forms and Associated Species
The assessment of fishes associated with corals and seagrasses communities yielded fifteen (15) families with Pomacentridae having the greatest number of species. Thirty-two (32) species of seaweeds were identified. Seven (7) species belong to green seaweed phyla (Chorophycea), six (6) belong to brown seaweeds phyla (Phaeophyla), and nineteen (19) species belong to the red seaweeds phyla (Rhodophyta). Chaetomorpha crassa seaweed was the most dominant seaweeds species with an ED value of 0.425995 followed by nospora implexa with an ED value of 0.011815.
The seagrasses beds surved showed the effects of industrialization. Despoliation of the destructive effects are includes waste dumping and siltation affecting the fragile ecosystem. Uncontrolled cutting of mangrove trees were so rampant and instead of mudflat artificial structures and houses abound in the area. These probable causes of destruction and threats were noted in order to provide basis of conservation and management policy formulation for the coastal resources.
COASTAL AREA MAP
- NETWORK OF PROTECTED AREAS FOR AGRICULTURE AND AGRO-INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT (NPAAD)
The greater portion of the total land area of Kauswagan is devoted to agriculture covering an area of approximately 5,313.0818 hectares. This gives a share of about 88 percent of the total area of the Municipality which is 6,037.5929 hectares. These agricultural lands are 100 percent planted to coconut, however, approximately 500 hectares or 9.41 percent currently intercropped with other agricultural crops like corn, legumes, banana, vegetables, fruits, and cacao/coffee.
As the greater portion of the land area was devoted to agriculture, the part of the coastal area where mangrove trees dominate and caters the propagation for endemic species was considered as Protected and recognized by Protected Area Management Board (PAMB)(see Table7).
COASTAL PROTECTED MAP
- HAZARD PROFILE
- Storm Surges
A storm surge is a coastal flood or tsunami-like phenomenon of rising water commonly associated with low pressure weather systems (such as tropical cyclones and strong extra tropical cyclones), the severity of which is affected by the shallowness and orientation of the water body relative to storm path, and the timing of tides. Most casualties during tropical cyclones occur as the result of storm surges. The vulnerable areas are the seven (7) coastal barangays namely Kawit Occidental, Kawit Oriental, Tugar, Poblacion, Bagumbayan, Tacub and Libertad(see Table 8).
STORM SURGE INUNDATION MAP
Related to earthquakes are giant sea waves called tsunamis. These occur when the earthquake is shallow-seated and strong enough to displace parts of the seabed and disturb the water above. The study area specifically the Kauswagan Coastal Zone is thought to be excluded from areas in the country that are highly vulnerable to tsunamis. But then the municipality well take all precautionary measures in case change of events may happen.
By far, flooding appears to have greatest impact on the study area. The most flood-prone portions are the coastal area and the floodplains of its four major rivers, namely, Kawit Occidental, Kawit Oriental, Tugar,Tacub, and Libertad. The estuaries of these rivers are likewise flood-prone areas. Abnormal heavy precipitation and wave surges enable base level increase on areas in and around estuaries like riverbanks, coastal plains and swamps. During storm, low pressure and other weather disturbance that may causes heavy raining it will lead to coastal flooding. Damage is great when accompanied by typhoon and riverine flooding.
Coastal area of, Brgy. Kawit Occidental is
susceptible to coastal flooding and erosion.
Portions of the sea scape was heavily damaged by coastal
flooding 2-3 yrs ago.
Flooding is common in Brgy. Kawit Oriental especially during heavy precipitationin which the most affected areas are Purok1.
5.4 Mass Movement
Mass movement is basically the downslope movement of soil, debris or rock. It usually occur when the shear stress exceeds the shear strength of material and are usually occurring in the inherent property of the geological structures, i.e., plane of weaknesses, orientation of bedding plane, fault, and joint. Majority of mass movement/slope failures/landslides occur during times of heavy rain. Effective stress is reduced by an increase in water pressure and there is a consequent reduction in resistance to shear. Mass movement occurs with increasing frequency in areas having progressively steeper slope angles thus creating landslide.
Utililizing these parameters, parts of Brgys. Inudaran, Tacub, Bagumbayan, Tugar, Paiton, Delabayan, Tingintingin, Libertad, Kawit Occidental and Kawit Oriental, are marked medium and high susceptibility for landslides.
Mialonod river landslide in barangay Inudaran and in barangay Tingintingin
LANDSLIDE AREA MAP
Liquefaction is a process that transforms the behaviour of cohesion-less soil from solid to liquid. This is due to a sudden decrease in shearing resistance caused by collapse associated with a temporary increase in pore fluid pressure. As a result, the cohesion-less soil, basically sand, which depends on the effective stress between grains to mobilize shear strength, loses its strength completely and begins to flow like a fluid.
Liquefaction principally affects loosely packed, highly porous and water-saturated fine to very fine sand located in vast plains, most especially if situated in close proximity to earthquake generators. Liquefaction usually occurs within 30 mgs and where water table is close to the surface.
In the study area, the rock units potentially liquefiable by earthquakes are the alluvial deposits. In general, they are composed of loose, fine-grained sand, and with shallow groundwater level.
Moreover, field survey shows that the area and its surrounding is characterized by saturated soil deposits which may likely be derived from river and/or lake sedimentation, debris/residual deposition, or wind deposition. These materials are very susceptible to liquefaction.
EROSION POTENTIAL MAP
- HISTORICAL GROWTH OF POPULATION
Kauswagan has thirteen (13) barangays and of its current total population of 23,087 as of July 2007 Census of Population Official Report conducted by the National Statistics Office, barangay Poblacion recorded to be The highest population of 4,456 giving a share of nearly 20%. This is followed by barangays Libertad, Tacub and Bagumbayan with population of more than 3,000each representing, more than 12% to 14% shares. The nine other barangays posted an average bottom population of 707 and less with Paiton registering the lowest at 638 which is barely 2.76 % of the total;
- It has only two barangays which is currently classified as its urban area, the Poblacion and Bagumbayan. Out of the current total population of the municipality, population in the urban area is only7,640 constituting33.09% of the total population and the rest are considered rural population as of year 2007.
- The males that totalled 12,815 or 55.52% outnumbered the females that numbered 10,272 or 44.49% out of the municipality’s 23,087 total population. Compared to the male-female distribution in 2005, the latest Survey posted a relatively similar results in percentage share of the males and females. Indeed the sex ratio for 2007 is placed at 125 males per 100 females.
- Kauswagan’s current population belonging to the broad age group of 0-14 years40.64% of total. The productive age group of 15-64 years comprised 12,911 or 55.92 %, while the oldest age group of 85 years and above is 51 or 0.22 %
- Has greater population in the younger age
bracket particularly on age groups 5-9 with 3,415 or 14.79% share, followed by 0-4 and 10-14 with percent contribution of 14.28 % and 11.65 %, respectively. While age groups with least population are noted in the older population like 85 and over, 80-84, 75-79, 70-74 and 65-69 with their respective share of 0.22 %, 0.28%, 0.54 %, 0.96 % and 1.36 %.
- The municipality of Kauswagan has a favourable population density. As of year 2007 , it only posted a gross density of 3.82 persons per hectare, a little bit increase since 2005 which was 3.53.
- The most dominant ethnic group, with 14,290 population constituting 77.181% of total, is the Cebuano since they are the pioneer settlers in the municipality. This is followed by the Maranao being the inhabitants of the place and the Boholano, the second settlers in the town, with populations of 3,918 or 20.655% and 246 or 0.643% respectively.
- It is a predominantly Christian Community having 19,803 or 85.78 % of its total population. These Christian populace are belonging to the Roman Catholic Church which has numerous followers constituting 12,813 or 68.47% and various protestants religions like the Aglipay, Iglesia ni Kristo, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Church of Christ of the Latter Day Saints, Jehovas Witnesses, Seventh Day Adventist, Assemblies of God, different Baptist Congregations, Philippine Benevolent Missionaries, Salvation Army of the Philippines, Alliance of Bible Christian Committee and other Evangelical Churches which summing up all together, constitute 32.28 % of the total Population of the Municipality (see Table 12).
Table 6: HISTORICAL POPULATION GROWTH
Growth Rate (%)
6.1 Population Projection
With the visibly improving economic situation and anticipation of the realization of the Cagayan – Iligan Corridor (CIC) Industrialization Plan, the population of Kauswagan is still expected to grow steadily at a slow pace. Using the geometric method by utilizing the 2000 and 2007 Municipal population per NSO reports, population growth rate is projected to stood at 1.80 % annually for the next 10 years (see Table 6A).
Table 6A: Projected Population Growth, 2007 – 2015
|Census Year||Population||Difference of Increase||Average Annual Growth Rate (%)|
|2001 – 2007||
Source : MPDO Evaluation.
The municipality has a total of 4,536 Households as of the latest 2007 Census of Population conducted by the National Statistics Office. It reveals that barangay Poblacion has the greatest number of households which is 863 constituting almost 20%, followed by barangays Bagumbayan, Libertad and Tacub with 650 (14.33%), 614 (13.54%) and 598 (13.18 %), respectively. Barangay Tingintingin is reported as the smallest number of household with only 117 or 2.58%, followed by barangays Inudaran and Paiton with 124 (2.73%) and 138 (3.04%), respectively.
Considering the municipality’s population of the same year and its total households, Kauswagan has an average household size of 5.10 members. Barangay Tingintingin has the largest average at 7.02, while Cayontor has the smallest average at 4.24 members.
Table 14 shows the projected population of Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte for the years 2007 – 2020 using low, medium, high growth scenarios
Table 7: PROJECTED POPULATION
( 14.28 )
( 18.85 )
6.2 Population by Urban-Rural
Kauswagan has only two barangays which is currently classified as its urban area, the Poblacion and Bagumbayan. Out of the current total population of the municipality, population in the urban area is only 8,057 constituting30.66% of the total population and the remaining 69.34% or 18,221 are considered rural population.
Basing on the afore-mentioned population data, the municipal urbanization level is almost 32% (refer to Table 15).
Table 8: Urban-Rural Population and Percent Distribution: 2015
|Area Classification||Population||Percent (%) Distribution|
The Urbanization Annual Growth Rate from census year 2010 and the latest projection 2014 showed a growth rate 0.10 % for the Urban Areas while 1.89% for the Rural Areas. Therefore the Tempo of Urbanization is the difference of 1.89% and 0.10 % which is exactly1.00% for the municipality of Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte (see Table .
Table 9: Urban-Rural Population and Annual Growth Rate 2010– 2014
|Area Classification||POPULATION||Annual Growth Rate
( % )
|Tempo of Urbanization||1.00|
6.3 Population by Number of Households
The municipality has a total of 5,658 Households as of the latest 2014 NSO Projected Population. It reveals that barangay Poblacion has the greatest number of households which is 958 constituting almost 20%, followed by barangays Bagumbayan, Libertad and Tacub with 730 (12.40%), 794 (13.93%) and 700 (12.07 %), respectively. Barangay Paiton is reported as the smallest number of household with only 218 or 3.79%, followed by barangays Cayontor and Tingintingin with 227 (3.69%) and 206 (3.62%), respectively.
Considering the municipality’s population of the same year and its total households, Kauswagan has an average household size of 4.49 or 5 members. Barangay Delabayan has the largest average at 5.09, while Paiton has the smallest average at 315 members (see Table 17).
Table 10: Total Population, Household Population
and Average Household Size: 2014
|Barangay||Total Population||Household Population||Average HH Size|
6.4 Population by mother tongue/ethnic groups, sex and percentage(%) distribution
Kauswagan can be considered a melting pot in the province of Lanao del Norte. As such, the presence of several ethnic groups is eminent considering the strategic location of the Municipality to some neighbouring provinces and cities in the country particularly Iligan City, the regional Industrial Hub of the South.
The most dominant ethnic group, with 14,290 population constituting 77.181% of total, is the Cebuano since they are the pioneer settlers in the Municipality. This is followed by the Maranao being the inhabitants of the place and the Boholano, the second settlers in the town, with populations of 3,918 or 20.655% and 246 or 0.643% respectively (see Table 18).
Table 11: Population by mother tongue/ethnic groups,sex and percentage(%)distribution: 2007
|Mother Tounge / Ethnic Groups||Both Sexes||M a l e||F e m a l e|
|Badjao, Sama Dilant||130||0.011||130||0.005||0||0.006|
|Other Local Dialects||152||0.131||147||0.104||5||0.027|
|Other Foreign Dialects||131||0.016||131||0.016||0||0|
|Total||23,087||100%||13,979||60.55 %||9,108||39.45 %|
6.5 Population Density
Currently, the municipality of Kauswagan has a favorable population density. As of year 2015, it only posted a gross density of 3.24 persons per hectare, a little bit lower since 2007 which was 3.82
In the urban areas namely: Poblacion and Bagumbayan, although Bagumbayan reached a density of 7.88 and 8.92 persons per hectare in 2007 and 2015, respectively, it is still within the bracket of area with low population density. While in the rural areas which composed of all barangays outside Poblacion and Bagumbayan having an aggregate land area of 7,647.8799 hectares has likewise posted a very low gross population density compared to the urban areas. With its total population of 18,671 in 2015, the rural population density in the municipality is only 2.38 persons per hectare and increased slightly to 3.24 with its total population of 26,278 in 2015 (see Table 19).
Table 12: Net Population Density by Barangay: 2015
|Barangay||Population||Area (ha)||Persons / ha|
|7. Kawit Occidental||1,141||542.9754||2.10|
|8. Kawit Oriental||1,378||535.9377||2.57|
6.6 Religious Affiliation
It has been observed that Kauswagan is a predominantly Christian Community having 19,803 or 85.78 % of its total population. These Christian populace are belonging to the Roman Catholic Church which has numerous followers constituting 12,813 or 68.47% and various protestants religions like the Aglipay, Iglesia ni Kristo, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Church of Christ of the Latter Day Saints, Jehovas Witnesses, Seventh Day Adventist, Assemblies of God, different Baptist Congregations, Philippine Benevolent Missionaries, Salvation Army of the Philippines, Alliance of Bible Christian Committee and other Evangelical Churches which summing up all together, constitute 32.28 % of the total Population of the Municipality.
On the other hand, only 3,284 or 16.54% are Muslims who are devoted Followers of Islam, while 254 or 0.03 % falls under the category of other religions not specifically stated (see Table 20).
Table 13: MUNICIPALPOPULATION BY RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION,SEX AND PERCENTAGE (%) DISTRIBUTION: 2007
|RELIGIOUS GROUPS||Both Sexes||M a l e||F e m a l e|
|Iglesia ni Cristo||510||1.42||164||0.710||346||0.710|
|United Church of Christ in the Phils||612||1.98||233||1.010||379||0.970|
|Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints||504||0.03||5||0.020||499||0.020|
|Phil. Benevolent Missionaries Ass’n||675||2.32||261||1.130||414||1.190|
|Seventh Day Adventist||251||0.01||126||0.005||125||0.005|
|Baptist Conference of the Phils||273||0.13||150||0.065||1||0.065|
|Alliance of Bible Christian Comm||358||0.59||67||0.290||251||0.310|
|Assemblies of God||251||0.01||–||0||56||0.010|
|Salvation Army, Phils.||281||0.17||14||0.060||2||0.110|
|Other Evangelical Churches||328||0.43||427||0.185||20||0.245|
|Totals||23,087||100 %||11,791||51.070 %||8,978||48.930%|
- PHYSICAL/INFRASTRUCTURE RESOURCES
The electricity of the locality is provided by the Lanao del Norte Electric Cooperative (LANECO). Currently, around 4,049 constituting 89.26% out of 4,536 household are already served with electricity for the thirteen (13) barangays of the Municipality of Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte.
Table 14: Electrification Coverage by Barangay: 2015
|BARANGAYS||TOTAL HOUSEHOLDS||Number of HHs w/ Electrical Connections||Percent to total Households|
7.2 WATER RESOURCES
Freshwater supply of the municipality are acquired from both surface and ground water sources such springs naturally provided by 6 major and 3 minor water bodies traversing the territorial jurisdiction of the locality. Likewise, underground water are visible in the 13 barangays of the municipality usually utilized as deep-well and artesian well (see Table 22).
Table 15: Total Number of Households with Access to Potable Water: 2016
|Number of Households With Access to Safe Water||Percent|
- Surface Run-off.
Most volume of surface water are found at the 6 interior barangays and selective coastal barangays which are the primary sources of water for the existing water springs along the rivers and creeks.
- Groundwater Resources.
The residents of the coastal barangays are mostly dependent to ground water resources which are utilized as sources for domestic water requirements brought about by stored water from the watershed areas.
NATURAL DRAINAGE MAP
Transportation and mobility of Kauswagan is provided by transport companies like the Mindanao Rural Trasnsport Inc. (MRTI) and Super Five Transport Company for the Buses; Kauswagan Transport Drivers/ Operators Association(KATDOA) for the Public Utility Vehicles and Kauswagan Tricycle Operators and Drivers Association (KATRODA) for the tricycles. Buses will be providing transportation bound from Iligan City to Zamboanga and Dipolog Cities and vice-versa; Public Utility Jeepneys will be providing transportation bound from Kauswagan to Iligan City and vice-versa, while the tricycles and e-trykes will be providing transportation bound within the territorial jurisdiction of Kauswagan.
Table 16: Transport Services: 2016
|Line||Route||Availability / Frequency||No. of Units||Classification
bus, PUJ, Taxi, Tricycle, e-Tryke
|Kauswagan – Iligan City & vice-versa||Once 15 minutes||
|Barangay Line||7 Coastal Barangays||Once every 5 minutes||
|Aurora Line||Iligan – Pagadian& vise versa||Once every 30 minutes
7.4 Information Technology and CommunicationThere are four (4) identifiedtelecommunication companies operating in Kauswagan with facilities mostly installed in Barangay Poblacion such as Smart, Globe, PLDT and Mobiline. Telecommunication Towers are situated in strategic areas of Poblacion (refer to Table 17).
Table 17: Location of Telecom Facility- 2016
Municipal Hall Compound, Poblacion, Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte
Mohammad Street, Poblacion, Kauswagan, LDN
Maslog Street Extension, Poblacion, Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte
Mohammad Street, Poblacion, Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte
7.5 Solid Waste Facility
The Municipality of Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte is consistently implementing its Integrated Solid Waste Management Program since year 1997. Though there were issues and problems encountered several times during its implementation, still the spirit of excellence in terms of public service still prevailed. The program of operation and management is characterized into five (5) components such as : Waste Generation; On-site Handling, Storage and Processing; Collection and Transport; Processing and Resource Recovery; and Solid Waste treatment and Final Disposal.
- Waste Generation
The municipality was able to collect a 1 metric ton per week through a rough estimate of the Municipal Engineering Office. Approximately 60% of the total waste generated of the Municipality of Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte came from barangays Poblacion and Bagumbayan since this is the considered urban barangays of the municipality and the remaining 40% mostly contributed by the other coastal barangays. The interior barangays are not included in the estimated waste generation because garbage collection is not available in such barangays. Major wastes generated came from the Kauswagan Public Market where commercial activities are concentrated. A mixed biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes are commonly the generated waste as residues of the active commercial activities of the coastal barangays. These kind of wastes are also visible even in the household levels. Other types of wastes generated are coming from different institutions both private and government found at the coastal barangays. However, agricultural wastes are most visible in the interior areas of the municipality where farming is the leading livelihood activities.
- Onsite Handling, Storage and Processing
The municipality had already established systems on wastes handling, storage and processing brought about by massive education campaign provided by the Education Committee of the Integrated Solid Waste Management Program ( ISWMP ) of the Local Government Unit of Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte. Garbage Receptacles are already available in the commercial and institutional establishments and puroks of the barangays most specifically in the coastal areas. In the interior areas, there are also indigenous designed receptacles situated in the strategic places where people used to converged. The households are also allocating containers for their household residues.
- Collection and Transport
The collection and transport of Waste generated in the municipality is being shouldered by the Municipal Government as part of the Integrated Solid Waste Management Program who utilizes a 2 unit Heavy Duty Dump Truck for Garbage Collection through active involvement by the Municipal Engineering Office Personnel. Recently, the Collection Services has temporarily suspended due to the unavailable dumping site but it is later on re-activated after the completion of the Material Recovery Facility construction.
- Processing and Resource Recovery
There are limited practices available on Resource Recovery in the municipality. Most of them are the Reuse, Refuse and Composting practices. Reuse for those non-biodegradable wastes such as cellophanes and other packing materials, refuse for the household left-overs which are usually serves as feeds for the domestic pets, and composting for biodegradable wastes specially agricultural waste which are transformed into fertilizers. With the availability of the Material Recovery Facility processing and resource recovery are organized in one venue, the MRF.
- Solid Waste Treatment and Final Disposal
The generated solid wastes is segregated in the collection process and transported into the MRF where segregated solid wastes are placed in its assigned segregated room in the MRF building specially the reusables and recyclables. The bio-degradable waste are placed in the compost pit and the remaining wastes are dump into the dumping area within the MRF perimeter.
Kauswagan has three (3) ports located at Barangays Libertad ,Tacub and Poblacion.Tacub Port with an estimated length of 150 linear meters was previously utilized as landing of various commercial ships hauling coconut oil from the Iligan Bay Manufacturing Corporation (IBMC) located near the port of the same barangay we back 19880’s but after the shutdown of the IBMC until now the port had just became a rest and recreational place for beach goers in the barangay. The Poblacion Port which has an estimated length of more or less 500 linear meters, the longest port in the region is closely similar use of the Tacub Port except that said port sometimes become fishport of some commercial fishing boats occasionally landed to transport fish catched.
The present Libertad Port is a private port used by the operation of the GN POWER Ltd Co. soon to operate in the year 2018. A 540 MW Coal Fire Powered Plant.
7.7 Public Market
The Kauswagan Public Market in Barangay Poblacion is the common market of the municipality. The coastal barangays had an indigenous public markets locally known as TALIPAPA where limited display of agricultural products are in placed but only two of which are operational as of the moment. The Kauswagan Public Market is administered by the MEEDO Personnel financially subsidized by the LGU – Kauswagan. There are more or less 10 Block Tiendas and 20 Stalls located within the Market site. It also hosted Jeepney and tricycle terminals. Every Saturday a Market Day is held in the site since year 2002 until the present.
- ECONOMIC STRUCTURE
8.1 Structure of Economy
The Municipality of Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte has suited the three (3) Sectoral Economic Activity such as the Primary, Secondary and Tertiary though are equally distributed to the employed residents. It shows that the Primary Sector has a great number of employed constituting 44.00% followed by the Tertiary Sector which has 33.00% and lesser to Secondary Sector which has only 23.00% (refer to table 53). Comparing the 2009 and 2014 employment sharing for the 3 Economic Sector resulted a Shift Points of 0.00% meaning there are balanced shifting between the 3 sectors (refer to Table 25 and Table 26).
Table 18: Economic Activity by Sector by Employment
and Percentage (%) Distribution: 2014
|Sector/Activity||Employment||Percent of Total|
|Mining and Quarrying||503||4.00|
|Electricity, Gas and Water||629||5.00|
|Transportation, Storage and Communication||1,190||5.00|
|Community, Social and Personal Services||2,137||8.98|
|Finance/Insurance/Real Estate and Business||2,142||9.00|
Table 19: Structural Shift in the Local Economy – 2014
|SECTOR||EMPLOYMENT SHARE||SHIFT % POINTS|
8.2 PRIMARY SECTOR
The primary sector is composed of basic type of occupation visibly observed in the municipality such as Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry disaggregated to the 13 barangays of Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte
- Agricultural Crops andCrop production
There are about 7,198.24 hectares or 96.00% of the municipal total land area that are devoted to agricultural developments specially crop productions. Currently, the municipality is embarking only a Permanent Crops with specific planted areas such as : Coconut ( 5,133.00 has. ); Upland Rice ( 200.0000 has.); Corn (2,177.0000 has.); Other crops (304.0000 has.). Seasonal Crops is very much rear to the municipality because it is observed non-profitable for farmers.
Table 20: Area Planted to Seasonal and Permanent Crop – 2016
|Crop||Area Planted (ha)||Percent of Total|
|1. Seasonal Crops
Non- irrigated rice
|2. Permanent Crops
Total Crop Area
- Livestock & Poultry
There are a total of 11,091 heads of livestock and poultry animals in the locality as of year 2013. The large number of such belongs to the chicken which has 6,486 heads followed by goat which has 1,361 heads. Comparatively, in the succeeding 3 years 2013 is observed to have high animal population while 2010 is much lesser compared to 2011 and 2012 (refer to table 56). Greater number of animal distribution is observed in the rural barangays in the coastal areas such as Tugar, Kawit Oriental,Tacub, Libertad and Kawit Occidental while the urban Barangays of Poblacion and Bagumbayan only got higher animal population for hog / swine (refer Table 27 and Table 28).
Table 21: Livestock and Poultry Population
by Selected Years: 2013– 2016
Table 22: Distribution of Animal Population
Per Barangay (Backyard Basis): 2016
Table 23: Livestock and Poultry Products,
Production-Consumption Situation – 2016
|Products||Total Production (m.t.)||Total Consumption (m.t.)||Surplus / deficit (m.t.)|
|Carabeef||91.35||14.93||Surplus – 76.42|
|Beef||180.45||14.35||Surplus – 166.10|
|Pork||34.16||88.01||Deficit – 53.85|
|Poultry meat||27.97||152.99||Deficit – 125.02|
|Poultry egg||2.32||75.68||Deficit – 73.36|
Kauswagan is sprawled along of Iligan Bay, because of strategic location, Kauswagan is one of the fish and other aquamarine suppliers of the province of Lanao del Norte. Sources of marine products are coming from the waters of the Bay. Existing swamplands/marshlands are only 18.9970 hectares accounting to only 0.31 percent of the total Municipal areas which is 6,037.5929 hectares. Although, Kauswagan might play the vital role of fish and marine supplier-production, still fishery activities could not even sustain its local consumption requirement. As of 2009, there are twelve (12) fisherman’s association/Bantay Dagat 3 in Poblacion, 2 in Bagumbayan, 1-in Kawit Oriental, 1-in Kawit Occidental, 2-in Libertad and 3-in Tacub with a total of 421 members. Fishing is in Water 10-15 fathoms depths. Fishery activities in the municipality are limited to non-commercial domestic fishing gears such as artificial reef with two types of module- 1.) Bamboo Module and 2.) Fish Shelter (Payao). Other fishing activities are Fishing Nets, Spear Fishing and Hook and Line fishing which is usually undertaken by marginal fishermen (refer to table 59).
The existing fishing ground of the municipality is 1,985.88 hectares subdivided by the seven (7) coastal Barangays of Libertad (283.98 has.); Tacub (283.39 has.); Bagumbayan ( 284.18 has.); Poblacion ( 291.92 has.); Tugar ( 280.21 has.); Kawit Oriental ( 281.00 has.); and Kawit Occidental ( 281.20 has.) see table 61. Of the said fishing ground the top ten products catched in the year 2009 are Alimango, Squid, Labayan, Tamban, Mulmol, Danggit, Barungoy, Bugsawan, Gutob and Sambagon with estimated average annual fish catched of 339.97 metric tons (refer Table 31).
Table 31: Location and Number of Fishermen
by Type of Fishing Gears and Vessels Used: 2013
|BARANGAYS LOCATION||Total No. of Fishermen / Operator||Fishing Gear Used||FISHING VESSELS USED|
|1. Kawit Occidental||15||Fishing Net||1||6|
|2. Kawit Oriental||30||Hook & Line / Gill Net / Drift Fishing Net||15||24|
|3. Tugar||4||Gill Nets||7||5|
|4. Poblacion||105||Fishing Nets / Hook and Line||37||30|
|5. Bagumbayan||80||Fishing Nets / Spear Fishing||16||55|
|6. Tacub||152||Fishing Nets / Hook and Line||105||4|
|7. Libertad||100||Fishing Nets / Hook and Line||20||84|
Table 32: Location and Area in Hectares of Existing Fishing Ground- 2012
|Name of Fishing Ground||Location / Barangays||Area in Hectare||Percent to TotalLand Area||Number of Households Covered|
Table 33: Production of existing Fishing Ground – 2012
|Type of Fish
( Top ten )
|VOLUME OF CATCH||AVERAGE PRICE PER KILO (in pesos)|
|Average Catch/Unit of Effort||Total / yr. in metric tons|
- Food Self-Sufficiency Assessment
The food production is computed using the average production of farmers in a week by 48 weeks while the demand for food s computed by a product of covered population by the Annual per capita food requirement. The computation resulted a low level Food Self-sufficiency for meat of 2.13% and highest level for rootcrops of 177.57%
Table 34: Food Self-Sufficiency – 2012
|Commodity||Supply (m.t.)||Per capita / year requirement||Demand (m.t.)||Self-sufficiency level (0%)|
|Asst. vegetables / legumes||202.08||0.01265||295.80||63.32|
The Municipality of Kauswagan has iidentified some forestlands totaling to about 554.2371 hectares or 6.83 percent of the municipal area which is 8,114.7462 hectares, more or less. These areas are found in Barangay Baraason, Cayontor, Inudaran, Libertad, Tacub and Tingintingin. Due to destructive practices of some illegal loggers, the rampant cutting of minor forest products and the widespread practices of Kaingin or shifting cultivation resulted in the rapid denudation of these forestlands and in turn destruction of watershed areas. As of the decades 90’s to year 2000 , those areas are logged-over and remained un-reforested with this year, thus nearby farmers attempted in planting of coconut & root crops and made them very successful, in fact said shifting is found productive. At present, wood and other forest products that could be obtained in these areas are limited to local consumption only.
- Agricultural Support Facilities
The Local Government Unit Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte has existing 2 units Dumptruck, 1 unit Road Grader and 1 unit Farm tractor which are presently utilized to maintain and improve agricultural support facilities such as Barangay Farm to Market Roads, Farm lands and Post-Harvest facilities. Other Post harvest facilitiesto support agricultural services are multi-purpose pavements in the barangays that utilized as Solar Dryers for copra and corn. There is also a corn mill located at barangay Bagumbay50an which is privately operated.
The secondary sector is composed of Manufacturing, Construction and Quarrying, and Electricity, Gas and Water Occupational Activities. Most trend of employment falls under the Construction with 261 in the labor force are employed followed by Electricity, Water and Gas with 93 are employed and Quarrying with 74 are employed.
There are a meager small scale manufacturing activities situated at the barangays of Poblacion, Bagumbayan and Tacub which are usually furniture, handicraft and agricultural processing. Employments are limited to family members or self-employment in nature.
This type of occupation shared an estimated 14.00% of the employed labor force brought about by public and private construction works. In public works, employment takes placed in the construction works administered by the Local Government Unit while in various construction contracts in some nearby communities of the municipality.
Quarrying activities is undertaken at Barangays Libertad, Baraason and Tingintingin both in the interior barangays employing and estimated 4.00% of the employed labor force, of course the local residents of the two (2) barangays.
- Electricity, Gas and Water
The supplier of Lights, Power and Water of the locality had their satellite offices in Kauswagan. The Lanao del Norte Electric Cooperative (LANECO) has a Power Substation located at Barangay Bagumbayan and Collection Office at Barangay Poblacion. The Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA) is establishing its local counterpart through the Kauswagan Water District with business office at Barangay Bagumbayan. Likewise a newly established Gasoline Refueling Station financed by Petron Corporation is now operational. All of them employed about 5.00% of employed labor force.
8.4 TERTIARY SECTOR
The Tertiary Sector are composed of Wholesale / Retail Trade; Transportation, Storage and Communication; Community, Social and Personal Services; and Finance / Insurance / Real Estate & Business. The local labor force are employed to Wholesale / Retail & Trade; Transportation, Storage & communication; Community, Social and Personal Services; and Finance / Insurance / Real Estate & Business.
Table 35: Tertiary Sector
9.1 Hugyaw sa Kadagatan Festival
The Municipality of Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte is in the Road Map of Tourism Industry in Region 10 through its famous Annual Tourism Festival dubbed as HUGYAW SA KADAGATAN (Festival by the Sea), festival showcases the bounty, preservation, and protection of the marine habitat and held annually every April 24-25- Kauswagan’s Charter Day and Fiesta Celebration. Hugyaw Sa Kadagatan Festival is one of the most unique festivals in the country today. It proudly showcases the bounty and beauty of the Kauswagan town in Lanao del Norte.
A touch of religious culture that brings an exclusively unique festival the ‘HUGYAW SA KADAGATAN FESTIVAL” a sea raft dancing competition/exhibition using sea creature caricatures that offers a higher degree of excitement and thrill. Part of the festival’s charm are cultural dancers combining artistry and balance while performing on the fabricated bamboo raft called ‘gakit’. The dance is accompanied by gongs, cymbals, and other indigenous instruments, adding its diversity
Visitors come by the thousands and join locals to witness the colorful fluvial festival of the Hugyaw sa Kadagatan Festival in the crystal clear waters of the Iligan Bay. The fluvial parade features contingents from the different Barangays competing in several categories: the Best in Festival dancing, Best in Gakit competition, Best in Festival Queen, Boat racing, swimming competitions, actual fishing and collection of seashells among a host of other activities for their patron saint, San Vicente Ferrer.
Mabuhay Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte! A booming and Peaceful municipality in Northern Mindanao today. SIKAD PA KAUSWAGAN!
- COMPARATIVE AND COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
Kauswagan is a multi-awarded municipality in terms of transparency and good governance. It was heralded as the forerunner of Arms to Farms ProgramAn organic municipality in the province of Lanao del Norte with an increased capability of producing organic based products and commodities.It is expected to become the hub of agri- industry where agriculture is the primary livelihood of its constituents. With the presence of practical school for agriculture our farmer can learn the latest technology on organic farming techniques and strategies. It is projected that the market for healthy commodities has been dramatically increased due to health conscious individual. Hence the aim is to cater this market.Kauswagan can effectively assume this role since the strong leadership of the executive body focus on grassroots participation where farmer and fishermen can avail all the local government programs. It is capable of affecting substantial changes in distribution of its population to takes place within boundaries given appropriate support by the different levels of government. Given its existing natural resources, Kauswagan could take investment decisions or proposals of an economic size and could supply its own industries with the necessary labor due to its homogenous economic structure. Complementing the role assigned to Kauswagan in the provincial hierarchy of Lanao del Norte ,as a major urban center providing power (with the presence of GN Power) as a linkages in all of Mindanao. Due to this strategic location the economic growth could be spontaneous where employment maximizes for its constituents. The preferred strategy of Kauswagan is the Organic Agriculture with the touch of Industrialization under this strategy four barangays shall serve its center for urban development (Poblacion, Bagumbayan, Libertad and Tacub) where levels of economic and social services will be concentrated. Likewise the location of organic agriculture are the interior barangays (Tingintingin, Baraason, Inudaran, Delabayan,Paiton and Cayontor). The other coastal barangay (Kawit Occidental, Kawit Oriental, Tugar) shall continue to perform as tourism and recreational area at the same time utilizing its coastal water for fishery development. Agricultural production shall continue to be pursued in the highly agricultural barangays for the production of coconut, corn, upland rice, banana, vegetables and root crops. Despite of the dark past, the municipality has attained peace and order through the non- discriminative effort of the Local Chief Executive. He has taken into considerations the learning aspect of the constituents in the interior barangay that is to educate them in the field of organic farming hence the School for Practical Agriculture was established. Through this initiative the Arms was being replaced by the knowledge for Farms and receiving more benefits from the program thus rebels embrace the Arms to Farms program giving us the chance to a Galing Pook Awardee.
As a fifth class municipality, we generated income far from we expected because of the incoming investment that flourishes within our vicinity due to the peace and order that was attained.A proof to that is the Multi- millioninvestment of the 540MW GN Power Plant that was located in Libertad. With this present development we can develop more of the Social and Economic Sector and to improve the general services through the program and activities that delivers basic services and public safety. Adding more facilities including basic infrastructure essential for the upliftment of the general people as well as initiatives to protect and preserve the environment and natural resources for both present and future generations. Therefore, Kauswagan now has become a pleasant place to live in, to work with and to visit for.